Center for Advanced Wound Care

Decoding Cysts Wound: Understanding Various Types, Causes, And Symptoms

You know that liquid-stuffed bubble that sometimes pops on our bodies?


Yes, it is quite annoying and discomforting, but you know what else it is? A source of infection!


That thing is called a cyst and is filled with infection, which, if not taken care of in the right way, can cause a lot of issues later on. 


You can scroll through this article to learn all about cysts, including their types, causes, symptoms, if they are safe, how to prevent them, and more. Even though a huge number of these cysts are harmless, quite a lot of these cyst wounds are required to be treated at a wound treatment centre.

Differences between Cysts, Boils, and Lipomas

Different skin disorders, such as cysts, boils, and lipomas, each have unique features and underlying causes.


Cysts: Closed sacs or capsules containing liquid, pus, or another semi-solid substance are known as cysts. They can develop wherever on the body and are caused by a number of things, including hereditary predispositions, infections, and obstructions in glands or ducts.


Boils: Boils are sensitive, swelling, and red lumps that usually result from infections of hair follicles by bacteria. Frequently, boils begin as sensitive, swollen spots that develop into a pus-filled mass under the skin. They can happen in places where sweating or friction are common, and they are frequently brought on by the Staphylococcus aureus bacterium. 


Lipomas: Lipomas are soft, rubbery, non-cancerous lumps that grow beneath the skin. Lipomas, which are made up of fat cells, often develop slowly and cause no discomfort. In contrast to cysts and boils, lipomas are often benign and might not necessitate prompt medical intervention unless they cause pain or pose a cosmetic risk. Comprehending the distinctions among these ailments is essential for precise identification and suitable remediation.

Types of Cysts

Epidermoid Cysts:

These cysts, which are frequently discovered on the skin, are produced by the cells that comprise the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer. Usually slow-growing, they are rich in the protein keratin that’s present in hair and nails.


Sebaceous Cysts:

Sebaceous cysts form in the skin similarly to epidermoid cysts. They are produced by sebaceous glands, which also create sebum, the natural oil of the skin. Sebaceous cysts include an oily, yellowish material inside of them.


Ganglion Cysts:

Often seen on the tendons or joints of the hands and wrists, ganglion cysts are sacs filled with fluid. They frequently result from repeated strain or damage and can develop close to a joint or tendon sheath.


Ovarian Cysts:

On the ovaries or within them, these cysts form. They frequently occur in women who are fertile and functional, meaning they develop during the menstrual cycle. Some ovarian cysts can cause discomfort or difficulties, but the majority are benign and go away on their own.


Renal Cysts:

The kidneys can develop fluid-filled sacs called renal cysts. Simple renal cysts usually cause no harm to the kidneys and are benign. On the other hand, multiple kidney cyst growth is a hereditary illness known as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), which may eventually cause damage to the kidneys.


Breast Cysts:

These cysts, which are frequently fluid-filled, develop in the breast tissue. Women frequently experience these, especially during the menstrual cycle. Mostly the benign breast cysts are predominate.


Dermoid Cysts:

Developmental cysts, known as dermoid cysts, can arise in the skin and ovaries, among other regions of the body. Since they are derived from embryonic cells, they may contain components like skin, hair, or teeth.


Pineal Gland Cysts:

Pineal gland cysts are fluid-filled sacs found inside the pineal gland, a tiny brain gland that controls sleep and wakefulness by releasing the hormone melatonin. Pineal gland cysts are usually benign and are commonly found by accident during brain imaging investigations. The majority of pineal gland cysts don’t cause any symptoms and don’t need to be treated. On the other hand, based on each situation individually, bigger cysts or those generating symptoms might be treated or monitored.


Epididymal Cysts:

Fluid-filled cysts known as epididymal cysts develop in the coiled tube called the epididymis, which lies behind the testicle. Testicular cancer is not linked to these cysts, which are often benign.


Kidney Cysts:

Kidney cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form inside the kidneys or on their outside. The majority of kidney cysts are benign and symptomless. On the other hand, multiple kidney cyst development is a hereditary illness known as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), which may result in renal failure.


Pancreatic Cysts:

The pancreas can develop fluid-filled sacs called pancreatic cysts. They may be neoplastic, meaning they are not malignant, or non-neoplastic. Some pancreatic cysts are incidental discoveries that don’t produce symptoms, while others might need to be treated or monitored.


Periapical Cysts:

Periapical cysts, which are sometimes called radicular cysts, develop at the end of a tooth root. They are frequently brought on by inflammation and tooth diseases. Typically, root canal therapy or extraction of the tooth are used in treatment.


Acne Cysts:

Nodules, another name for acne cysts, are deep, inflammatory pimples that can cause discomfort and perhaps leave scars. These cysts develop when germs, oil, and dead skin cells obstruct hair follicles.

Symptoms of Cysts

Here are a few of the symptoms that you might see if you are suffering from cysts:



Pain or discomfort may be experienced with cysts, particularly if they strain on nearby tissues, nerves, or other structures. The size, location, and kind of cyst can all affect how painful it is.


Modifications to Size or Appearance

Certain cysts may show slow or abrupt increases in size over time. Swelling, redness, or changes in the skin’s texture overlaying the cyst are examples of appearance changes.


Bruising and Redness

Cysts can trigger inflammatory reactions that cause swelling and redness in the surrounding region. If the cyst becomes infected or inflamed, this could become more noticeable.


Related Symptoms Predicted on the Type of Cyst

Certain cyst forms may exhibit certain symptoms that are associated with the location and function of the cyst. For instance, irregular menstruation, pelvic pain, or discomfort during sexual activity can all be caused by ovarian cysts. Back discomfort, changes in urinary patterns, or blood in the urine are some of the signs that might indicate renal cysts, an illness that affects the kidneys.

Causes of Cysts

Here are some of the common causes of cysts:


    • Sometimes the cysts are genetically inherited.
    • Sometimes the glands and ducts are blocked, leading to cysts.
  • Infections are caused by eating something, or injecting something, or touching something.

Treatment for Cysts

Cysts are treated differently based on their nature, location, and severity. The following are some standard methods for treating cysts:


Seeing and Tracking

To avoid any hassle, the first choice of doctors is to observe and track to see how the cyst reacts and if it goes away soon.



In the case of fluid-filled cysts, doctors might be required to use a sterilised needle to drain the fluid out and avoid infection. 



Sometimes drugs are prescribed to help with the discomfort a cyst might be causing.


Injected Corticosteroids

In rare circumstances, corticosteroid injections may be used to treat inflammation and alleviate discomfort, particularly in situations involving inflammatory cysts.


Surgical Excision

Surgery may be necessary to remove larger or chronic cysts. To avoid recurrence, a modest surgical treatment is necessary to remove the cyst completely.


Laser Treatment

Certain cysts can be treated with laser treatment, especially those that harm the skin. The cyst is targeted by the laser, which causes it to shrink or explode.


Prescription Drugs

Hormonal drugs are used to control the menstrual cycle and prevent cyst development in circumstances where cysts, including ovarian cysts, are connected to hormonal imbalances.


Addressing the Root Causes

This method remains quite important because sometimes the cause of cysts is the one to be addressed to treat cysts. Treating the underlying issue is required here to prevent cysts.


Note: One important thing is the cyst removal post-care. Make sure you do not miss that, or else you might end up in the trap of infection or issues again.

Prevention of Cysts

Here are some of the methods you can adopt to avoid cysts:


    • Maintaining proper hygiene can help you shield against cysts, and it just requires you to take a little extra care of yourself.
    • In case a particular body part of yours feels stressed, try to minimise the stress there, or else cysts could be formed
    • A well-balanced diet is a very essential need of the body and hence plays a role here as well.
    • If not a long one, a short, quick workout can help your body stay fit and avoid cysts.
    • If you are a woman, please take care of your hormonal abnormalities, which otherwise can result in cysts.
  • DO NOT SQUEEZE OR PUNCH the cysts; that ends up leading to infection quite a few times.
  • Include regular checkups in your schedule and keep a check on your body.

Are there Cysts that are NOT Harmful?

Yes, a lot of cysts don’t hurt and don’t seriously endanger your health. Many cysts are benign, which means they are not malignant and do not produce any symptoms or health problems. These benign cysts can form for a number of reasons, including aberrant development, clogged ducts, and fluid buildup. Common examples are skin cysts called epidermoid cysts and functional ovarian cysts in women, which frequently go away on their own without the need for medical assistance. Unless they become symptomatic or become a cosmetic problem, cysts usually do not need to be treated, even though some may be uncomfortable or unsightly. Still, seeking the advice of a medical expert is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and treatment.


Now that you know how cysts work and how harmful they can be, it is important to get their care at the right time and in the right place. Cysts that are inside the body are mostly treated with the help of lifestyle changes, which include workouts and a good diet. Whereas the ones on the outside are more infection-based and require some popping and draining, hence leaning towards the surgical method. Make sure you consult a healthcare professional for the treatment.


You can find a good wound care centre in Oxnard and get them diagnosed as soon as possible to avoid future medical issues. Moreover, there are many other wound care centres in Thousand Oaks where you can get your cyst treated in the right way.


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